"Why is my Leopard gecko not pooping?" is a very common question asked by leopard gecko owners and there can be a number of reasons for this problem as well as a number of solutions. Here are some possible answers, but do not forget to consult a veterinarian if the condition lasts for more than a few days.
A leopard gecko not pooping has probably got an impaction, in other words a blockage preventing his food from passing through. An impaction can occur for any of the following reasons.
No. 1 – He is lacking in calcium. Leave a dish of calcium in his aquarium at all times. If he feels the need, he will supplement his diet in this way.
No. 2 – Because he feels the need for calcium, he may have been eating the substrate in his aquarium. Some sands contain calcium and are marked as digestible by the manufacturers but this is absolutely not the case. Paper towels are a cheap and safe alternative and the only other suitable enclosure liners are reptile carpet tile or slate. Please do not use cat litter, wood chippings, bark or any other substance.
No. 3 – If your leopard gecko is not pooping, make sure that whatever you're feeding him is not too big. Avoid hard shelled insects and any creature that is wider than your gecko's head.
No. 4. – Lack of clean, fresh water can cause dehydration which in turn can cause constipation in reptiles. Make absolutely certain that plenty of water is provided and that it is changed daily.
No. 5 – Insufficient warmth can cause an impaction in leopard geckos. Seek professional advice as to the ideal temperature to keep your pet at. This may involve getting a specialised aquarium heater.
To treat a constipated gecko, firstly follow the tips above regarding the environment in his aquarium. Secondly, take the creature off solid food and feed him appropriate baby food with supplements. With a dropper such as may be used for eye drops in humans, treat your gecko with a few drops of olive oil or vegetable oil each day until the creature poops and administer as much water as you can in the same way. Once a day give him a warm soak making sure that the temperature of the water is not too hot.
A leopard gecko not pooping caused by an impaction is a serious condition and while you can try some of the suggested cures for a few days, if these do not have any effect take your pet to a vet without further delay.